Ghosn’s arrest creates leadership void at Renault-Nissan alliance

November 27, 2018 09:45 CET

PARIS/LONDON — Renault and Nissan’s alliance is threatened with disarray over a rift between the partners about how to fill a leadership vacuum as Carlos Ghosn remains in custody in Japan.

Executives overseeing the Amsterdam-based alliance are scheduled to meet on Thursday in their first encounter since Ghosn was arrested last week on allegations of understating his income and misusing Nissan’s assets. Nissan CEO Hiroto Saikawa and others may attend by video conference, according to people familiar with the matter.

Ghosn remains chairman of the partnership, which includes the smaller Mitsubishi Motors. In his absence, one option being pushed by Nissan is to split the top job at the alliance between all three companies, one of the people said. But the French government, Renault’s most important shareholder, is sticking to the principle that the automaker’s chairman should lead the alliance, a view shared by officials at Renault.

The leadership void stems from Ghosn’s outsize role atop the alliance. He engineered the partnership between the French and Japanese companies that has grown to challenge Volkswagen Group as the world’s biggest vehicle producer.

Under governance rules and a broad outline of the way it functions, decisions and recommendations “are always made by consensus between the two shareholders.” This worked when he headed all three partners, but in the past week he has been removed as chairman of Nissan and Mitsubishi.

Nissan is aiming to make decision on who will succeed Ghosn as interim chairman by its next board meeting on Dec. 17, according to a person familiar with the matter. Nissan has said three external directors will nominate a candidate from remaining its board members.

Crucial moment

The Franco-Brazilian executive, who has been ousted as chairman by the two Japanese partners, has denied wrongdoing, according to NHK, Japan’s national broadcaster.

The turmoil atop the alliance comes at a critical moment, when automakers across the globe are wrestling with an array of challenges, from slowing sales in key markets to long-term technological change that requires massive investment. That is why analysts say it’s essential for the partners to sort out their differences or risk falling behind rivals from Germany to Silicon Valley.

Nissan is aiming to redress perceived imbalances in the alliance by limiting the power of its French partner to nominate officials to its own board and appoint the chairman of the alliance, Bloomberg has reported.

The Japanese automaker does not expect shareholding changes will be discussed at the meeting, although there will be discussions on who should be the alliance chairman going forward, a person familiar with the matter said.

Status Quo

French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire on Sunday called the alliance “indispensable,” and said he wants to strengthen it while maintaining the existing cross-holdings and governance rules — including one that requires Renault’s chairman to serve in the same role as head of the alliance. Renault’s board stopped short of ousting Ghosn, instead naming deputy Thierry Bollore as interim CEO.

Renault has a 43 percent voting stake in Nissan, which in turn owns just 15 percent of Renault, with no voting rights.

It’s clear that tension between the two automakers would render decision-making within the alliance tricky. While the French partner has the power to appoint the chairman, the vice chairman — currently Saikawa — comes from Nissan. Spokesman for both companies declined to comment.

Mitsubishi Motors CEO Osamu Masuko said Monday he would follow the meeting in Amsterdam via video conference to discuss its future with the heads of the three companies, adding, “I don’t think one meeting will set everything about the future.”

A Daimler executive may also participate in the meeting, two people said. The automaker has stakes in both Renault and Nissan.

The Franco-Japanese alliance began almost two decades ago, and in 2002 the partners formed Renault-Nissan BV, an equally-owned company incorporated under Dutch law that is responsible for the alliance’s strategic management. Mitsubishi joined in 2016.

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