Petrol and diesel prices both on the rise as a result of higher wholesale costs driven by reduced global oil production
Petrol and diesel prices have risen sharply in what has been the second-worst monthly unleaded price increase since the year 2000.
The cost of a litre of unleaded skyrocketed by 5.44p in April, from 122.62p to 128.06p, while diesel saw a rise of 3p per litre from 130.7p to 133.7p, according to RAC Fuel Watch data.
• Government needs to give drivers better guidance on which car fuel type to choose
The price rises were caused by an increase in the cost of a barrel of oil, which went up by five per cent to £55.80, having hit a high of £57.25 earlier in the month. This was brought on by OPEC (the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and Russia working together to restrict oil supply, lower production from Venezuela and Libya, as well as US sanctions on Iran.
The petrol price leap was one of the largest since 2000, second only to May 2018, when it jumped by 6p per litre. Diesel, meanwhile, saw its 18th biggest monthly price rise in 19 years.
It now costs £70.43 to fill an average family car with petrol or £73.54 with diesel. The big four supermarkets – Asda, Morrisons, Sainsbury’s and Tesco – all put their prices up by an average between them of 5.58p for petrol and 4.1p for diesel. The former was actually above the UK average petrol price rise, which was 5.44p.
• Premium fuel explained: is it worth paying more for premium diesel or premium petrol?
Drivers in Wales faced the biggest petrol price increase – up 6.1p per litre on average – while London became the region with the most expensive petrol in the UK, costing 129.02p.
As for diesel, the East of England was the region that saw both the biggest price rise and the highest overall price, jumping by 3.34p to 134.67p per litre.
RAC fuel spokesperson Simon Williams described April as “one of the bleakest months ever for drivers”. He added that diesel drivers were paying “far more” than they should be because the wholesale cost of the fuel is “very similar” to that of petrol.
MPs call for fuel price watchdog
MPs are calling on the Government to set up an independent fuel price watchdog by the name of ‘Pumpwatch’ following accusations that fuel retailers are increasing their profit margins at the expense of motorists.
The All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for Fair Fuel says fuel retailers made an average profit of 8p per litre in the first nine months of 2018, but by the end of the year this figure had increased to more than 13p per litre. Meanwhile, the average profit margin on diesel prices rose from 8.6p to 11p per litre.
Under the APPG for Fair Fuel’s proposals – which follows a petition by pressure group FairFuel UK that collected more than 14,000 signatures – fuel stations which agreed to charge fair prices would be allowed to display a “kitemark” logo.
• Drivers should pay for fuel in advance, says police chief
Conservative MP Kirstene Hair, chair of the APPG for Fair Fuel, commented: “Drivers need reassurance that they are not paying way over the odds for fuel.
“In rural communities where public transport is poor and unreliable, people need their vehicles to get from A to B. It is essential that they pay the fairest price. That is where a price monitoring system would support them.”
Howard Cox, founder of FairFuel UK and secretary to the APPG for Fair Fuel, added: “We need ‘Pumpwatch’ now to ensure pricing fairness for both consumers and hardworking fuel retailers, too.
“Most of the profiteering is at wholesale level, not by small independent retailers, who are also victims of the greedy fuel supply chain.”
• New 450kW EV charger from BMW and Porsche is as fast as filling up with petrol
The news comes as the latest RAC Fuel Watch data shows the price of fuel at the pump did fall as much as it should have in December in line with oil prices.
The average price of unleaded fell 2.75p from 123.67p to 120.92p per litre last month, while diesel was reduced by 3.08p from 133.09p to 130.01p.
However, oil decreased in value by 14.5 per cent at the start of December, which should have meant a considerable drop in pump prices, with the RAC calling for fuel petrol and diesel prices to fall by 8p per litre and 10p per litre respectively in the next month.
RAC fuel spokesperson Simon Williams said “drivers should feel cheated” by the fact pump prices had not fallen as much as they should have and said “smaller retailers ought to be moving their prices down on their own without having to be forced to do so by nearby supermarkets”.
What makes up the price of UK fuel?
The price of fuel can be divided into three sections; the taxes imposed by the Government, the costs of drilling, refining and transporting, and the profit margins for the fuel companies.
For petrol, diesel and bioethanols, the Government gets around 65 per cent of the overall cost through fuel duty and value added tax (VAT). The fuel duty represents the fixed price of fuel – it stays the same regardless how much overall oil prices fluctuate. Currently, the Treasury adds 57.95 pence to each litre of fuel through fuel duty, and another 20 per cent through VAT. How much you pay in VAT depends on how much fuel you purchase.
The second biggest chunk comes from the wholesale costs of the fuel itself. The wholesale cost is a combination of currency exchange rates, global oil prices, and even domestic supply and demand.
• Best diesel cars to buy now
Finally, the smallest share of what motorists have to pay for fuel comes from the filling stations themselves. A typical fuel station profits around 2p-5p per litre, but tough competition can drive this down further. Supermarkets increasingly use fuel prices as a loss leader to tempt customers in.
Why is supermarket fuel cheaper than an independent forecourt?
Supermarket forecourts usually offer the cheapest fuel prices and this is because of the market power supermarkets hold. Companies like Asda, Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons are all in competition with one another, so they keep fuel prices as low as possible hoping that when motorists come to fill their tank, they might do their weekly grocery shopping, too.
However, the AA’s Fuel Price Report found that supermarket prices are getting closer and closer to prices on independent forecourts. The price gap between the Big-Four (Tesco, Asda, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons) and non-supermarket rivals has fallen below 3ppl for the first time in 12 months.
There are persistent rumours that supermarket fuel contains fewer additives and is of lesser quality than fuel from traditional forecourts, but there’s little hard evidence of this. All fuel sold in the UK has to abide by the standards set in the Motor Fuel Regulation.
Why is diesel more expensive than petrol?
Although diesel and petrol are taxed the same by the Treasury, historically diesel has been more expensive than petrol, as domestic refineries have struggled to meet demand. This has forced the UK to import diesel from other countries at a greater rate than petrol.
However, the influx of cheap diesel from countries like Saudi Arabia has turned the tide, swinging diesel wholesale prices closer to that of petrol, and bringing the pump price down with it.
• Best electric cars to buy now
Why is fuel so expensive on motorways?
Recent figures from the RAC suggest motorists topping up at a motorway fuel station pay up to 15 pence per litre more than elsewhere. Motorway fuel stations argue the reason their prices are higher is that many of them are open 24 hours a day and offer more services than a regular forecourt. Motorway fuel stations also pay high rent prices for the buildings they operate.
• How to test cars for real-world mpg
In more remote areas, fuel is often more expensive because of the higher transport and supply costs, but according to RAC fuel spokesman Simon Williams, this doesn’t apply to motorway stations: “We can see no reason why motorway fuel should be so much more expensive. In fact, arguably it is much easier from a delivery point of view than it is getting fuel to urban filling stations.”
A new pilot scheme by the UK Government is installing electronic boards on the M5 between Bristol and Exeter that display motorway fuel prices. Similar systems can be found in countries like France, and if the trial is deemed successful, more motorways across the UK will see electronic signs posting fuel prices. This would provide some much-needed price transparency for motorway drivers.
What’s your view on fuel prices in the UK? Do we pay too much for our petrol and diesel? What would you do about it? Join the debate in our comments section below…